The Health Emergency Grows in Africa

The Health Emergency Grows in Africa

COVID-19 and Beyond – The Current State

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to pile pressure on Africa’s health emergency and socioeconomics. As of 2021, the continent’s recovery remains impeded by low inoculation rates and limited resources to sustain financial aid to susceptible households and firms. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to devastate African lives and has forced up to forty million persons into extreme poverty. The most affected groups include the youth, women, low-skill laborers, and people in the informal sector. The lack of access to income opportunities and social safety nets makes these groups more vulnerable.

Crowded informal urban settlement continues to hinder physical distancing, making Africa susceptible to the spread of COVID-19. Furthermore, undernourishment, limited access to safe drinking water, underlying health conditions (like TB and HIV/AIDS), and poorly funded health systems exacerbated the situation. Predictions of infections and death differ widely. However, the impact of the pandemic on the social and economic aspects is very real and may elicit debt crises porno français. This is according to a research report conducted by the Institute for Security Studies.

The timely report is the first comprehensive long-term (up to 2030) forecast of the health and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Africa. The predictions indicate that the pandemic will hit hard in Africa. However, the crisis also creates an opening for a sustainable economic transformation. The mortality rates in Africa are significantly lower than in other parts of the globe, perhaps due to the continent’s younger population. However, community transmission is increasing fast. According to the forecast, the rates of COVID-19 infection are anticipated to lead to relatively low mortality.

The Health Emergency Grows in Africa 

The research’s conclusion indicates that direct and indirect mortalities related to COVID-19 would lead to between 1.8 and 5.3 more deaths in the continent by 2030. Currently, estimates show that 700000 Africans perish from AIDS and slightly less from malaria each year. Indirect mortalities occur due to lesser government revenues and reduced health spending. The outbreak of Ebola in Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia between 2014 and 2016 prompted the channeling of resources from basic health care. Consequently, Africa experienced a rise in deaths related to TB, malaria, HIV/AIDS, and maternal mortality. If the situation happens with COVID-19, malaria, TB, and HIV mortalities may rise by up to 36 percent in the continent over five years.

Estimates show that government revenues will drop compared to the pre-COVID forecast, and private, and public health expenditures will decline significantly. Economic recovery is likely to be slow, and the full lifting of lockdowns in Africa. Furthermore, a collapse in tax revenues and reduced employment and household income will likely aggravate the situation.

 

WHO Africa Appeal to Respond to Emergencies

WHO Africa Appeal to Respond to Emergencies

The World Health Organization Africa Region faces the highest load of public health emergencies worldwide. Such emergencies are often avertable and controllable with established public health interventions. However, without the needed support, these emergencies will remain to devastate health systems, cost lives, and fuel socioeconomic disruptions.

The entire 2021 saw WHO work closely with countries and partners to avert, identify, and respond to Africa’s wide array of emergencies to meet the immediate health requirements of populations impacted by crisis and address the primary causes of their vulnerability. The measures provided populations with access to lifesaving care, mitigated economic hardships, and controlled the spread of diseases.

 

 

 

How Will Africa Cope with Demographic Change? The Continent That Will Have the Fastest Growth in The World

Africa’s population is the fastest-growing globally and is estimated to increase by about 50% over the next 18 years. If this were true, the population would increase from 1.2 billion people to over 1.8 billion by 2035. At this point, the continent would account for almost half of the populace in a record span of two decades. 

 

Understanding The Drivers

Before diving into the solutions, it’s imperative to understand the driving forces behind these numbers. An average African woman has about 4.7 children. The number ranges widely depending on the specific part of Africa, with Central and Western Africa having the highest numbers. The global average for women is 2.5 children.  

One of the reasons why African women have many children is that they start their motherhood journey four years earlier than the global average of 26. The rate of adolescent births is also very high, standing at thrice the global average. 

Another driver is family planning. About a quarter of African women lack access to good family planning services xxx. Some do not have enough social and community backing. Supporting women to attain their fertility goals is essential and can help curb rapid, unsustainable population growth. 

 

The Elephant in The Room – Quality of Life

The problem with population increase does not lie in the numbers – it’s all in the quality of life of every individual on the continent. Rapid population growth impacts welfare and development, which could have severe consequences for humanity’s wellbeing. So, the question of how Africa will cope with the expected demographic changes can only be answered by how well the leaders prepare the continent for these aspects:

The Level of Living

Will African nations manage to improve the level of living among their citizens? The anticipated population growth might make it difficult to provide essential services. They include housing, sanitation, security, and transport. 

Poverty Alleviation

What effects are high population growth rates for the 99% in the economic bracket? The leaders should ensure a constant food supply to meet the demands of the rising population and boost the nutritional levels. They should ensure everyone has a balanced diet. Doing so will help bridge the economic gap. 

Increased Labor Forces

When there is a high labor supply, the unemployment rate might increase. Therefore, the continent must curb unemployment rates by increasing industrialization. They could also look for innovative ways of ensuring plentiful employment opportunities. 

Better Education and Health

African nations must analyze whether their current facilities will be enough to consider the expected population growth. They should improve their health and education systems to ensure everybody has access to primary education and proper healthcare. 

 

Guarantee to Freedom of Choice

Will parents have the freedom to choose their desired family size with the beaming numbers? Is there a relationship between poverty and freedom of choice? These two questions imply that African leaders and policymakers must frame the population issue on the quality of human life and the availability of resources. Population trends should increase one’s options and choices. Therefore, implementing a population policy is best viewed as a means and not an end.

 

 

Fighting Hunger And Malnutrition Through Children

October 16, 2001—An international coalition of partners, including the World Bank, today launch a global education campaign—Feeding Minds, Fighting Hunger—to mark World Food Day. The initiative is to encourage children and youth to get actively involved in creating a world free from hunger and malnutrition.
A global teach-in, including officials from the United Nations and governments, and celebrities from different walks of life, will be teaching children in more than 30 countries around the world this week about hunger, nutrition, and food insecurity.
“Today more than 800 million people go to bed not knowing if they will have enough to eat tomorrow,” said Ian Johnson, World Bank Vice President. “200 million of those are children under the age of five. We believe children can be powerful agents of change, both today and when they become the adults of tomorrow.”
Feeding Minds, Fighting Hunger has been developed by a broad coalition of international organizations, US organizations, and regional collaborators around the world. The initiative provides model lesson plans and resource materials on the topics:
• What is hunger and malnutrition and who are the hungry?
• Why are people hungry and malnourished?
• What can we do to help end hunger?
Teachers around the world will adapt and refine the materials, as necessary, to meet local needs and conditions. In subsequent years, lesson plans and activities from educators themselves will be solicited and shared so that students can begin to learn from each other about local problems of hunger and malnutrition and can share their ideas on how to solve these problems.
Hunger and malnutrition prevent the normal growth and development of children. They limit the learning capacity and productivity of both children and adults and, when widespread, are serious constraints to the social and economic development of communities and nations.
“An important step in developing and strengthening a society’s commitment to eliminating hunger and malnutrition,” said Robert L. Thompson, Director of the World Bank’s Rural Development Department, “is to ensure that children understand the causes and consequences of such problems, and more importantly, are motivated to seek ways that they can help to solve and prevent them.”
The Feeding Minds, Fighting Hunger Initiative has been developed as one of many efforts being undertaken worldwide to fight hunger and malnutrition.
“Eliminating hunger in today’s world is a question of political will and global leadership,” said Lynn Brown, from the World Bank’s Rural Development family, one of the founders of the Feeding Minds Fighting Hunger coalition. “By teaching today’s children about hunger we hope to build a generation of future world leaders committed to ensuring that noone goes hungry in their world.”
This week’s global teach-in will consist of a number of parallel events in countries around the world, including Nane Annan in New York, Ismail Serageldin in Alexandria, Egypt (Director of the Alexandria Library), Congressman Tony Hall in Washington DC, Christovan Buarque in Brasilia (former Governor and former Dean of Federal University), Reuben Villareale in Los Banos (Director of South-East Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture), Francis Lucas in Manila (Chairman of the Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development), Fitz Jackson in Jamaica (Minister  of Education), and Grace Akello in Kampala (Minister of Gender, Labor and Social Development).
In the Washington area, Per Pinstrup-Andersen, Director General of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the 2001 World Food Prize Laureate, taught the lessons at Thaddeus Stevens elementary school on Monday.
The lessons are available in 6 languages—English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, and Italian—and can also be obtained in hard copy (English only) or on CD.
The members of the Feeding Minds, Fighting Hunger coalition include: American Federation of Teachers; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Future Harvest; International Education and Resource Network; International Food Policy Research Institute; National Peace Corps Association; Newsweek Magazine Education Program; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; U.S. National Committee for World Food Day; and the World Bank.